2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide - Level A - ELA Hub

Make sure that learners can pause, stop or hide any moving, blinking, scrolling or auto-updating information such as animations, silent videos, scrolling text etc .


How do I comply?

  • This standard applies specifically to any content which appears on a screen with other content, starts automatically and lasts for longer than five seconds. 
  • For any of this type of content, you must provide a control which allows the learner to pause, stop or, hide the content.
  • If the moving, blinking or scrolling are part of an essential activity e.g. an animation which demonstrates how something works, this is exempt.
  • If your content flashes more than 3 times per second, it can lead to seizures and will also fail 2.3.1. Three Flashes or Below Threshold (Level A).

Why?

  • Many people find moving, blinking or scrolling content distracting.
  • People with cognitive impairments, particularly those with attention deficit disorders, may be particularly sensitive to moving, blinking or scrolling content.  
  • Any content which moves or updates, can cause a problem for anyone who struggles to read text quickly, or finds it difficult to track moving objects.
  • Moving text can also cause problems for screen reader users, because the content can disappear, before the screen reader has had time to read it.

eLaHub examples

Decorative video

(No audio)

Decorative video with stop button

Video shows:
The start page of a module about helping to save the planet. There is a decorative video of a globe spinning in the background. At the bottom of the page there is hand icon. Next to this icon, there is an instruction which says “Select to stop animation”. The learner selects this icon and the globe stops spinning.


How can I test?

Make sure that a learner can pause, stop or hide any moving, blinking, scrolling or auto-updating content in your eLearning resource.


Further information

WCAG information

CategoryOperable
Guideline2.2 Enough time
Provide users enough time to read and use content.
WCAG link
2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide (Level A)
WCAG textFor moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, all of the following are true:
Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and
Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it or to control the frequency of the update unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential.

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Fully meet 2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide

We only give a summary of the Level A standards on our site. Find out how to fully meet this standard in our book Designing Accessible Learning Content.

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